Scientists discover first new HIV strain in nearly two decades

 For the first time in 19 years, a team of scientists has detected a new strain of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

The strain is a part of the Group M version of HIV-one, the same family of virus sub-types responsible for the global HIV pandemic.

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This is the first new Group M HIV strain identified since guidelines for classifying sub-types were established in year 2000.

Scientists circulate the strains of the virus to ensure that tests used to detect the disease are accurate.

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ding GIF

Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Dr. Anthony Fauci, said current treatments for HIV are effective against this strain and others. However, identifying a new strain provides a more complete map of how HIV evolves.

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