The Trump administration has determined that China has committed genocide and crimes against humanity against Uyghur Muslims and ethnic and religious minority groups who live in Xinjiang, a remote region in China’s far west.
“This genocide is ongoing, and that we are witnessing the systematic attempt to destroy Uyghurs by the Chinese party-state,” US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a statement Tuesday, on the last full day of the Trump administration.
The US State Department has previously estimated that up to two million Uyghurs, as well as members of other Muslim minority groups, have been detained in a sprawling network of internment camps in the region.
Beijing has long defended the crackdown there as as necessary to tackle extremism and terrorism. But leaked government records released last year revealed that people could be detained for simply “wearing a veil” or growing “a long beard.”
“Since at least March 2017, local authorities dramatically escalated their decades-long campaign of repression against Uyghur Muslims and members of other ethnic and religious minority groups, including ethnic Kazakhs and ethnic Kyrgyz,” Pompeo said.
“Chinese authorities have conducted forced sterilizations and abortions on Uyghur women, coerced them to marry non-Uyghurs, and separated Uyghur children from their families,” he also said.
The incoming Biden administration, if elected, would likely keep up US pressure on the issue. The President-elect’s campaign has already issued a statement saying it considers China’s actions in the region “genocide,” while the Trump administration was still debating the term earlier this year.
Xinjiang is home to around 11 million Uyghurs, a predominantly Muslim ethnic minority that speak a language closely related to Turkish and have their own distinct culture.
Former reeducation camp detainees have previously told CNN they experienced political indoctrination and abuse inside the camps, such as food and sleep deprivation and forced injections.
Earlier this month the US banned imports of cotton products and tomatoes produced in China’s Xinjiang region over forced labor concerns.