India has formally divided the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two new federally-administered territories.
The move is part of a controversial decision by India to tighten government’s control over the part of Kashmir it administers.
In the new arrangement, Jammu and Kashmir is one territory, and Ladakh, which borders China, is separate.
The two new union territories are now ruled directly from the capital Delhi.
The former state has long been one of the world’s most dangerous flashpoints and is a highly militarised area.
India and Pakistan both claim Kashmir in full, but control only parts of it.