French police have evacuated about 1,600 migrants from two camps in northern Paris, in one of the biggest clearance operations in years.
The move comes a day after the government unveiled a series of measures to curb immigration.
Many of the migrants, who included families with children, are from Afghanistan or sub-Saharan Africa.
The two makeshift camps, made up of tarpaulin shelters and tents, were located under the flyovers of the Boulevard Périphérique, the ring road that runs around the capital.
On Wednesday, Interior Minister Christophe Castaner said 16,000 places would be made available in three new migrant centres, in an effort to prevent migrants from setting up new settlements.
France is one of many European countries to struggle with its response to an influx of irregular migrants and the government is under pressure to react to the political challenge from the far-right National Rally of Marine Le Pen.
Several European countries have tightened their migrant policies in response to the influx into the EU, which reached a peak in 2015.
On Wednesday, France said it would impose quotas on the number of foreign workers from outside the EU as part of measures aimed at addressing concerns about immigration, asylum and integration.
The move was a way to “take back control of our migration policy”, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said.
Other measures included restricted access to medical care for those who have no right to stay and the government also said migrant tent camps in north-eastern Paris would be cleared by the end of the year.